Here’s an extract from an article on Tesla’s Closed Loop Battery Recycling Program.
“At Tesla we have been refining our recycling program for years. Before sending our battery packs to be recycled we can reuse about 10% of the battery pack (by weight), e.g. the battery case and some electronic components. In North America we work with Kinsbursky Brothers to recycle about 60 percent of the battery pack. In Europe, we recently started working with Umicore, and now that we are selling cars in Japan and the Asia Pacific region, we will soon have news about recycling in Asia.
Let’s focus on Tesla’s recycling process with Umicore, which is the first time we’ve been able to use a closed loop recycling system. Umicore’s factory plants are able to recycle our batteries into completely reusable materials and substantially reduce the carbon footprint of manufacturing Lithium-ion batteries.
The Umicore battery recycling technology is able to save at least 70 percent on CO2 emissions at the recovery and refining of these valuable metals. It does this by creating “products” and “byproducts,” rather than following a mechanical separation process.”
Click here for the full article.
Recycling lead acid batteries from vehicles is one of the world’s most successful recycling stories with a recycling rate over 90%. As can be seen from Tesla’s experience, recycling Lithium batteries not only makes environmental sense it makes economic sense.
Research into lithium batteries has accelerated over the past the past ten years with the promise of energy density being quadrupled or even enhanced by a factor of ten. Promising areas of research are for lithium-vanadium-phosphate batteries (also called vanadium redox flow batteries), lithium-sulphur batteries and lithium-air batteries.
Lithium Vanadium Phosphate